China。Xinjiang。Turpan II 新疆吐魯番地區（二）
It is also related to the disappeared Loulan ancient country. Loulan is mysterious country, one of the 36 states in the West Regions during the Western Han Dynasty (202 BC- 9 BC). As the pivot of politics, economy and transportation in the West Regions at that time, Loulan had been glorious. However, after East Han Dynasty (around 220 AD), it is difficult to find any records about Loulan. Nobody really understand why this country disappeared, it is still an unsolved mystery in the world. After the city disappeared, some people of Loulan moved to Shanshan area, maybe there are some clues about the Loulan history can be found here.
It was still cold when we visited here in the early morning, but got hotter when the sun rose higher. We went to the top of the sandy hill following the other people’s footprints. It was really not easy to walk because we always slid down half step when went up a step, very exhausting. At that time, I can imagine how hopelessness when lost in the desert.
The urban scenery can be seen clearly, I guessed that mirage looks similar.
After leaving the desert, we also looked the nearby village. Uighur is main resident here, so the architectural style, culture and customs are different to other part of China, here should be close to the Middle East style.
We saw the locals children riding the motorcycles frequently, looked interesting.
We went to Tuyugou Grand Canyon after breakfast. There are numerous cultural heritage and historical sites around canyon. Such as Cheonbuldong and oldest Uighur village.
Cheonbuldong in Tuyugou area 吐峪溝一帶的千佛洞
We saw the reproduction of Cave 44 of the Toyok Grottes.
Maza village of Tuyugou, this is the oldest Uighur village in Xinjiang. So far, it has around 1700 years old, the mosque can be seen located in the middle of the village.
The green color can’t be seen frequently, base color here is wheat color. We were happy to find that the green belt within the canyon.
When we passed an area, Xiao Bao wanted us to guess the what function of that area. We can't give the right answers. He told us that is an ancient cemetery area. I have another article to introduce the related stuffs, please see mummy in Turpan.
Flaming mountains is the known well place due to the popular Chinese story “Journey to the West”. Therefore, there are many statues in roles were built here. We didn’t go inside, because in my opinion, it doesn't have enough valuable compared to other historical places.
Grape Valley in Turpan, it is said this place is just big market, so we passed here.
We visited especially the buildings with the function of drying grapes . Long time ago, when I was junior high school student, saw it in the geography textbook and had an impressions. But it is still not season for drying grapes on June, it usually starts from August. So there were nothing inside except for few stool. Maybe some animals used it as a temporary toilet.
The harvested grape should be hanging down from the ceiling for drying at that time.
The glowing grapes in the Vineyards 各處葡萄園正在生長中的葡萄
Karez canal system, another facility showed on my geography textbook as well. This system helps people to use the underground water effectively, it plays an important role in Turpan area.
This system is showed clearly in the Karez Paradise. In addition, some wells can be found outside Paradise, although they looked unclear.
One of wells and its environment outside Karez Paradise.
So far, we finished our two days and one night in Turpan. Returned to Urumqi station and prepared to visit western part of Xinjiang by taking night train.