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Sweden。Stockholm。Vasa Museum 斯德哥爾摩之瓦薩沈船博物館

 There are variety museums in Stockholm, Vasa museum is most popular. According to the official website, it is the most visited museum in Scandinavia. Although its appearance looks inconspicuous, visitors' eyes usually light up when enter the entrance, because the huge ship called Vasa is located in front of everyone.

斯德哥爾摩有許多博物館瓦薩是其中最有名的一個根據官方網站統計瓦薩博物館是斯堪地那維亞國家中有最多訪客的一個雖然博物館的外觀看起來並不太顯眼但一進到裡面就會讓人眼睛一亮因為一艘巨大的船隻就在每位訪客的面前呈現



Appearance of museum
博物館外觀


Vasa was the warship with 64-gun, it sank on its first voyage in 1628. It is said that this sank due to its unbalance structure, the underwater part of the hull was too small, and the ship lacked of stability. Therefore, when Vasa sailed on the sea, it encountered wind and can’t hold its balance again. There is a Chinese poem describes about: One dies before finishing one’s duty, which makes the heroes with tears. I think this poem is suitable for Vasa’s condition.

瓦薩號是個有64門大砲的戰艦它在1628年的首航中就沉沒了。據說是因為船身結構的不平均,因為船體的水下部分太小而缺乏穩定性。因此,當它第一次航行於海面上時,突然來的一陣風就讓它失去平衡而翻覆。對一艘戰艦來說這個結局有點悲慘,感覺蠻符合一首詩的意境:出師未捷身先死,長使英雄淚滿襟



The cannons on the ship originally
原本在船上的大砲


After lying on the sea bed for few centuries, it was salvaged totally in 1961, so people can see this 17th century ship again. There are many related stuffs of the ship originally, exhibit in the museum nowadays.

沉沒後的瓦薩號就在海底躺了幾個世紀直到1961年再度被打撈出來為止所以現在人們都可以在博物館中看到這個十七世紀的戰艦以及當時的相關物品





Restoration model shows the different levels on ship, and the possible imagine about the working conditions.

這個模型圖展示船上的不同樓層以及當時人們在其中工作的可能情形


Delicate decoration on the ship
船上精緻的裝飾品


After visiting museum, it is also very nice to walk nearby.
The Vasa Museum is situated on the island of Djurgården in Stockholm, the beautiful scenery of port can be seen here.


參觀完博物館後也可以在附近走走。博物館位於斯德哥爾摩的動物園島上,這裡的風景也蠻漂亮的





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Information

Vasa museum  
http://www.vasamuseet.se/en/


Tickets:
Adults   130 SEK

Students 100 SEK
Children and adolescents 0-18 years free of charge
 
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