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Greece。Crete。Minoan culture in Heraklion 克諾索斯遺址之探尋

 June 2016
The reason to visit the largest city of Crete—Heraklion, one was about transportation. Because the ship to Santorini, that I planned to go next, was departed from Heraklion; on the other hand, Knossos is an important tourism attraction, that is ancient site of Minoan culture, is located near Heraklion center.

會來到克里特島的最大城Heraklion伊拉克利翁),一方面是因為行程的安排:在克里特島之後打算去聖多里尼,而去聖多里尼的船就是在Heraklion出發另一方面就是衝著克諾索斯遺跡米諾斯古文明而來

 The world has variety of myths and legends that from many civilizations. For example, the Chinese stories about Yellow Emperor & Chiyou; Nvwa (a goddess in chinese mythologypatches up the sky etc., there are also many stories in Bible, and for sure the famous Greek mythology. These legends for most people are just a stories, but for someone, such as archaeologist, can be treated seriously; and it led to the discovery of Troy in Turkey, as well as the Knossos here I talk about.

這個世界一直以來都不缺乏各種神話與傳說,在各地區都一樣。例如我自小就讀過的黃帝與蚩尤、女媧補天等東方的故事,還有聖經故事也曾聽過,當然希臘神話更是耳熟能詳。這些傳說在大部分的人可能就是聽過就算,但有些人就會認真對待,例如某些考古學家們。而這樣認真對待的結果就有可能造就考古學上的大發現,例如木馬屠城記故事中的主要地點特洛伊城的發現,以及本篇的克諾索斯遺跡等。



The Palace of Knossos is considered as Minoan civilization that was the era that Athens prince Theseus fought to Minotaur. Whether the story regarding Minotaur is true or not, the ruin of Minoan palace is here anyway. It is the largest Bronze Age archaeological sites on Crete, also is considered Europe’s oldest city. So it is one of places that I wanted to visit for sure.

克諾索斯建築群遺址屬於米諾斯文明,就是神話中雅典王子特修斯大戰迷宮中牛首人身怪物這個故事所發生的時代。雖然不知道這故事是否真實,但總之遺跡就在這裡被發現了。它是目前克里特島上最大的青銅時代考古遺址,也有可能是整個歐洲最古老的城市,因此當然要來朝聖一下。



The Palace of Knossos is not far from city center, take within half hour by bus. Visitors of Knossos buy tickets usually with archaeological museum together. On one hand, there are many cultural relics from Knossos site have been moved to museum and preserved there; on the other hand, it charges just one euro more for both places  (adult), so it is reasonable option to buy ticket for both. And the half price available for students outside EU, and free for EU students.

克諾索斯遺址距離市區不遠,搭公車大約半個小時以內就可到達。通常去遺址的人也會順便和考古博物館的門票一起買,就是買聯票。一方面是因為遺址內有許多文物現在都已存放在博物館內了;另一方面是,多買博物館的票也只多一歐元(以成人票價來說),那自然是聯票比較划算了~~~而國際學生則是半價8歐,但拿歐盟國家的學生則是免費~~~耶!!



Walked to the ruin area through corridor, was like using time machine back to old era.
經過長廊進入到遺跡區,就好像走時光隧道來到這個久遠年代~~


Knossos area is about 10 km2. The palace was built around 2100-1800 BC according to archaeological researches, it is similar to Xia Dynasty of Chinese history (2070-1600 BC). However, Xia Dynasty was thought as legend dynasty by some researchers, since there are still not ruins ,that absolutely belong to this time, were found until now. Compared to this, the part of Greek mythology regarding Minoan palace is seems more true.

遺址區佔地約十平方公里。根據考古研究,認為米諾斯文明的王宮大概是在西元前21001800左右建造的,相當於中華文明的夏朝。不過夏朝目前還沒有比較可信的遺址出現,所以也有學者認為,夏朝只是一個傳說中的王朝。相比之下,這米諾斯王宮所代表的希臘神話部分就顯得真實多了。









Minoan civilization seems to have worshipped primarily goddesses, and their culture has been described as being based on a "matriarchal religion”. Many sculpture relics about females were found in Knossos, has been moved to archaeological museum.
I found that many old cultures are actually goddess worshipped or matriarchal society, compared to now that was led by males, it should be interested to know the transition process and reasons.


米諾斯文明也是一個崇拜女神與母性的文化,在此遺跡中出土很多女性相關的雕塑文物等,現在都已移到考古博物館內了。其實很多古老的文化都是女神崇拜或母系社會,就像米諾斯文明所展現的。相較於現今主要以男性為主導的社會就顯得很不一樣,若能了解這兩者的轉變過程與原因,應該會很有趣。



By the way, I found two big hearts were showed on the sky, looked so nice. Maybe it was because strong goddess energy here …(just guess~ LOl )

順帶一提,在參觀遺址的過程中突然發現天空中有兩個大大的愛心耶~~~是因為這是崇尚女神的遺址嗎!?所以充滿愛的女神就顯示愛心在天空中~~~(我真會解釋)



*****

Different location to Knossos, the archaeological museum is in city center area, I visited here after Knossos. Museum exhibits rich Minoan collections, is vital places to know and learn the Minoan culture.

博物館與遺址位在不同的地方博物館是在市區。因此我在結束遺址的參觀後就來到博物館。館內展示有大量的米諾斯文物,是了解和學習米諾斯文化的一個重要地點。



Model of Knossos in museum
克諾索斯遺址的復原模型
 
Snake Goddesses and other Goddesses
蛇女神及其他的女神們





--------------------------Information--------------------------

Bus (City - the Palace of Knossos) including return: 3.4 € per person.
公車(市區往返克諾索斯遺址):3.4歐元/人。

Combination ticket for the Palace of Knossos & Archaeological Museum 16 €; Ticket for Palace of Knossos only 15 €.
遺址與博物館聯票:全票16歐元;若只有遺址區:全票15歐元。
http://odysseus.culture.gr/h/3/eh355.jsp?obj_id=2369



 
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