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Turkey。Istanbul 土耳其伊斯坦堡

 Basilica Cistern 地下水宮殿   10 TRY/person

The cistern was built in the 6th century during the reign of Justinian. This is entrance, looks like small house but great build underground. There are 336 marble columns here. In addition, the famous point is Medusa column base, nowadays, it still mystery about why former put the Medusa base here. I felt like in a different place if compared with outside. The light, environment etc make Basilica Cistern a special atmosphere.

此宮殿建於六世紀君士坦丁大帝時期,有關地下水宮殿的中文介紹可參考:
http://www.zwbk.org/zh-tw/Lemma_Show/273139.aspx
宮殿位在聖索菲亞大教堂附近,它的入口建築看來很不起眼,很難想像其內藏有偉大的地下建築。來到這裡感覺像是不一樣的世界,336根大理石柱使內部感覺很壯觀,另外,兩個梅杜莎柱基也是很重要的景點,目前尚未知道前人為何擺梅杜莎在此,這份未知使此宮殿更添一份神秘。

Entrance of Basilica Cistern 宮殿入口


Indoor of Basilica Cistern , puddle of water there but not deep. Some fishes visible.
進入到宮殿內部,昏黃燈光下可見一汪池水,但水不深,可見有魚群悠游其中。



Medusa column base 梅杜莎柱基


About Medusa, Greek mythology will be good reference.
關於梅杜莎的故事,請參閱希臘神話。



Hagia Sophia聖索菲亞大教堂   25 TRY/person

It is almost 1500 years since Hagia Sophia has been built, its dome is famous. The buildings was church originally, then became a mosque; nowadays, it is a museum. Therefore, people can see Jesus and Islamic mihrab at the same time here. 

聖索菲亞大教堂有將近一千五百年的歷史,它最著名的就是大圓頂。原本是教堂的這座建築物,後來被改為清真寺,現在則是作為一個博物館在使用。因此在這裡可以看到基督教的耶穌,以及伊斯蘭的壁龕等。

Appearance of Hagia Sophia 大教堂的外觀



I felt its magnificent when I entered the buildings, looked the great dome, it seems people are very small. However, there was a part of inside renovating when we visited it, a little pity; otherwise it would be more glorious. 

一入此建築物內即令人感到宏偉,尤其仰望著碩大的圓頂之時,感覺人真是太矮小了。不過我們到的那時期內部剛好有一部分在整修,否則整體一起看會更壯觀。




We can see the Jesus on the dome, and Islamic mihrab in the middle place.
此照片包含天花板上的耶穌,以及下面的伊斯蘭壁龕。


After first floor, we continue to go upstair. Instead of stairs, the way up is spiral gentle slope, it located in the end of entrance corridor. I thought that the atmosphere of spiral slope is mystery~

參觀完一樓之後,可以再往樓上邁進。往樓上的道路並非樓梯,它是以螺旋的斜坡供人行走。入口長廊的盡頭就是斜坡所在,氛圍很古代~





There are some Christian mosaics in second floor,
they are usually made in 11 or 12 centuries.

這一層樓有一些基督教的壁畫,都是十一二世紀的作品



In addition, some relative buildings and historical remains can see outside the main building. Read it, and experience more history of Hagia Sophia.
聖索菲亞大教堂的主要建築週邊,也可看到一些相關的建築與遺跡。




I am impressed about the great of the building.
To experience the strong of the Byzantine Empire in ancient times, it will be helpful to understand the learned knowledge.

我對此建築的氣派感到很讚嘆;實地經驗遠古時候拜占庭帝國的盛況,對於所學過的知識會更有體會~

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