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Finland。Helsinki。Suomenlinna 芬蘭堡

 Suomenlinna was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site in 1991. We visited here in late February, it seems not very good time because many sites closed during winter. However, there are still some advantages in this time, some views can't see in the Summer, for instance, sailing through sea with much floating ice ........

芬蘭堡於1991年登記為聯合國教科文組織的世界文化遺產。我們於二月中下旬造訪芬蘭堡,似乎是不怎麼明智的選擇,島上許多設施都冬季不開放。不過,這個季節來也有它的好處,至少有些景緻是夏天看不到的,例如航行在漂滿浮冰的海面上.....




We felt funny because the ferries looks like small icebreaker, although we don't have any experiences about taking icebreaker until now.

是的,要到芬蘭堡需要坐船,以高雄人的觀點,就像是搭渡輪去旗津。不同的是,這渡輪所航行的海上充滿浮冰,感覺就像是在搭小破冰船。

Ferry's traces   船行過必留下痕跡~


Cloudy appears frequently during winter....it is said the weather is one of reasons about why suicide rate is a higher here. As far as I am concerned, I missed sunlight when I can't see it many days.

灰濛濛的天氣,在芬蘭的冬天頻繁出現,終於感受到為啥芬蘭的自殺率會偏高的原因...臺灣的大太陽雖然有時候會熱到爆,但在幾天沒見到陽光的這時候,就會很懷念被熱情太陽燒烤的感覺了~ XD



Originally named Sveaborg  it was renamed Suomenlinna in 1918 for patriotic and nationalistic reasons; in Swedish-speaking and historical context, the original name Sveaborg is always used.
Got off ferry, we can see information center in opposite of street, it is always good place for visitors to get some maps.

芬蘭堡原名叫做斯韋堡(Sveaborg),會改名是因為芬蘭人的愛國情操。因此,除了芬蘭之外,瑞典人現今應該還是稱其為斯韋堡。一下船,遊客中心就在對面,當然是要進去看看順便拿張地圖。之後就是按圖索驥囉!





Suomenlinna Church was a Russian Orthodox garrison church originally. It was converted into an Evangelical-Lutheran church in 1920s. The steeple of church still used as a lighthouse for air and sea traffic.

芬蘭堡教堂,原屬於俄羅斯東正教,1920年代改為基督教信義會。教堂尖塔可用來引導空中與海上交通。




The walls of library in opposite of church.
教堂斜對面的芬蘭堡圖書館圍牆~


Icecellar art shop, apart from food, local arts, crafts, art prints etc also available here.
建於1898年的冰窖咖啡廳,除了飲食外,還提供芬蘭堡藝術與文化體驗。


Military Museum, it open only in summer.
大門深鎖的馬內基軍事博物館,此館僅於夏天開放。


When the sun appear, it made the scenery more beautiful,
we felt pleasant at the same time.:-)

當陽光露臉,瞬間讓眼前的景緻美上一倍,也令人心情愉快;
光線照射在海上浮冰,非常耀眼
~






Inside of the part fortress ~ 部分堡壘內部~


Tomb of Augustin Ehrensvärd, he was Swede who built this fortress originally.
奧古斯丁‧厄倫斯瓦德之墓,他是當初負責建造此要塞的瑞典人。


Dry Dock and surroundings, this is one of the world's oldest dry docks still in use.
乾船塢及週邊風光;這是世界上最古老且至今仍在使用的乾船塢之一。





Kustaanmiekka, it offers a view of the original bastion fortress and the costal defence line. These guns constructed by the Russians. Helsinki city is visible from here.

"古斯塔夫之劍"島上的沿岸海防線景觀,這些大砲是俄羅斯人所建。於此地望向遠方,可以看到赫爾辛基市。







King's gate, it was ceremonial gateway to the fortress.
國王大門,用作這座堡壘的主入口。


In addition to visitors, there are about 800 residents here.
芬蘭堡除了遊客會造訪之外,也有約八百位左右的居民生活其上。




This was ferry that we took between Helsinki and Kustaanmiekka. We hold the day tickets that including in ferries.

參觀完芬蘭堡上大多數地點,準備返回赫爾辛基。我們由於是買赫爾辛基的五日卷,它包含多種交通工具的使用,渡輪也在其中;因此沒有另外再買船票。船班每日都有;在我們去的這個時節,從上午六點多到半夜兩點都有船。




I want to visit here again when summer, it should be more different from winter view.
計畫夏天再來此地重遊,那必定是另一種截然不同的夏日風情。




Website of Suomenlinna 芬蘭堡網站
http://www.suomenlinna.fi/en

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